Hepatitis B is an infection caused by the hepatitis-B virus and can be prevented by vaccination. this virus infection spreads when body fluids from an infected person enter the body of a healthy person.
There are two types of virus infection:
short-term (acute) and long-term (chronic).
Acute infection occurs at the initial stage when the virus just enters the body. It lasts for less than six months. We probably don’t need medication because our immune system clears the hepatitis B virus from the body. The only precaution we need is to maintain a healthy diet, drink lots of fluids, take a rest. This supports our body to fight against the virus.
Chronic infection occurs when acute hepatitis B viral infection lasts for more than six months. In this case, we need to consult a doctor and take drug therapy to treat the infection. Drugs slow down the ability of a virus to multiply in our system.
Why Should We Care About Infection?
Hepatitis B viral infection is a life-threatening liver infection leading to serious illness. It may result in liver damage, liver cancer, and even death. According to a study in 2019, this virus has caused approximately 820000 deaths, mostly from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Ways through Which its Spread
Sharing needles or syringes
Being born from an infected mother
Sharing sharp objects with others such as razors and toothbrushes that may contain small amounts of infected blood
Sharing contaminated needlesticks for tattoos or piercing
Being bitten by an infected person
Symptoms of Hepatitis Virus Infection
In most cases, infection at an early stage does not show any symptoms. But, in some cases, the infection lasts for several weeks with minor symptoms such as
Yellow skin and eyes (jaundice)
Nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain
Achy muscles or joints
If the symptoms last for longer than six months, it shows that the acute infection has reached the stage of chronic infection. Symptoms of chronic infections are: