Vitamins are complex organic compounds that are naturally occurring in plants and animals. Our body needs these compounds to maintain our life functions and prevent diseases. If you are wondering whether you’ve adequate levels of these vitamins, it’s recommended that you get a complete vitamin profile done. The complete vitamin profile tests common vitamin deficiencies, especially Vitamin D, Vitamin B12, and folic acid.
You might have heard of vitamin B6 and B12, but did you know there are eight B vitamins that help our body to function properly. From breaking down amino acids to releasing energy from carbohydrates and fats to transporting oxygen and energy-containing nutrients around the body – vitamin B helps enzymes to do it all.
Dietary supplements containing all the eight B vitamins are recommended to most of us. Let’s examine each of them in detail:
1. Vitamin B-1 – Thiamin
Thiamin is essential for the healthy function and growth of organs, including the heart and brain.
2. Vitamin B-2 – Riboflavin
Vitamin B-2 breaks down fats and drugs.
3. Vitamin B-3 – Niacin
Vitamin B-3 helps maintain healthy nerves, skin, and digestion. Sometimes, this vitamin is prescribed in high doses to improve cholesterol levels.
4. Vitamin B-5 – Pantothenic Acid
Pantothenic acid maintains the health of the brain and nervous system.
5. Vitamin B-6 – Pyridoxine
This vitamin helps keep the immune system strong. It produces new red blood cells that carry oxygen throughout the body.
6. Vitamin B-7 – Biotin
Vitamin B-7 is vital for proper nerve function and also for healthy nails and hair.
7. Vitamin B-9 – Folic Acid
Folic acid or folate in its natural form is needed to produce DNA and genetic material. It is usually prescribed during pregnancy to reduce the risk of certain birth defects.
8. Vitamin B-12 – Cobalamin
Vitamin B-12 is an essential vitamin for nerve tissue health, the production of red blood cells, and brain function.
Are You Suffering from Vitamin B Deficiency?
Most people get enough B vitamins through a balanced diet. However, if you’re not getting enough B vitamins, you’ll show the following symptoms:
- Cracks around the mouth
- Skin rashes
- Scaly skin on the lips
- Swollen tongue
- Numbness in the hands and feet
- Abdominal cramps
If you’re experiencing any of the above symptoms, make sure to see your doctor. Your doctor might recommend a complete vitamin profile to identify the problem and come up with a treatment plan to treat the deficiency.