Examples of the risk factors that we cannot control to prevent cardiovascular diseases
- Family history
Examples of risk factors that can be controlled to prevent cardiovascular disease
- High blood sugar
- High levels of cholesterol
- Being overweight or obesity
- Unhealthy diet
- Physical inactivity
- Consumption of alcohol
Steps to prevent cardiovascular diseases
- Regular checkups: You can reduce your risk of heart disease by having regular health checks to control your blood pressure and cholesterol.
- Enough quality sleep: Adults should sleep 7-9 hours a night to avoid high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes, and depression.
- Reduce stress: Some people under stress have a habit of overeating, heavy drinking, and smoking which increases blood pressure and the risk of a heart attack.
- Stop smoking: Smoking increases blood pressure and the risk for heart attack and stroke hence you should stop smoking.
- Limit the consumption of alcohol: Drinking alcohol raises blood pressure and adds extra calories to the body. This causes weight gain and increases the risk of heart disease.
- Maintain a healthy weight: Excess weight or obesity can increase blood sugar, blood pressure, high cholesterol. We should maintain our weight to lower these risks.
- Regular exercise: It helps to maintain a healthy weight and reduces the chance of getting high cholesterol, blood sugar, and blood pressure.
- Eat a healthy diet: Include vegetables, fruits, beans, fish, fat-free dairy foods, whole grains, and healthy fats in your diet to prevent cardiovascular diseases.
If you have any symptoms of heart disease, consult with your doctor. This test is a group of five tests done to check the levels of cardiac risk markers present in your blood. It helps to evaluate the risk of heart disease.