Type 2 Diabetes – Things you should know

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes?

More than 50 million Indians have type 2 diabetes! However, what we lack is widespread awareness of this diabetes, which we call the diabetes capital of the world. Diabetes is a metabolic disorder caused by excessive blood sugar levels in the body.

Although much is said about this disease, most Indian adults do not know how to recognize, treat or manage this diabetes.

It is not ‘sugar’ that directly causes diabetes, but a combination of genetic factors and lifestyle factors. Obesity is another important factor in unlocking the floodgates of this disease. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body’s cells develop resistance to insulin, which is produced by beta cells in the pancreas. They do not respond to the glucose present in the blood, resulting in increased blood sugar levels.

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

  • Excessive fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Blurred vision
  • Frequent urination
  • Poor/prolonged healing of wounds/cuts
  • Intense hunger
  • Increased thirst
  • Weight gain or unusual weight loss

Manage this not-so-sweet malady!

Diabetes cannot be cured and, if left untreated, can lead to more serious complications. People with prediabetes/diabetes should be aware of the following to manage this diabetic condition:

  • HbA1c level of 6.5 or above and fasting blood glucose tests of 126 mg/dL or above confirm diabetes.
  • If pre-diabetic, do not ignore the initial symptoms and assess your blood glucose levels timely.
  • Perform HbA1c test every 6 months to monitor diabetes.
  • Eat healthily – Include foods with low fat and calories, rich in high-fiber.
  • Lead an active lifestyle by performing regular muscle strengthening exercises like aerobics, yoga, activities like walking, jogging, swimming, etc.
  • Get frequent eye exams at least once a year.
  • Undergo regular exams of skin, bones of feet, and legs to prevent diabetic nerve disease.
  • As per the doctor’s advice, undergo regular tests to check the levels of blood pressure, cholesterol, and triglycerides.
  • Do not miss or delay daily meals and medications for diabetes.
  • If you are overweight, have heart disease, or lead a sedentary lifestyle, it is a good idea to have your diabetes screened.

Lack of awareness on the management of diabetes massively fuels complications, affecting various organs. Abstaining from a sweet drink/food doesn’t control this silent killer. Do not let your stressful and busy lifestyles put your health in the backseat. Know more..to do more.

Tame this sugar malady!