Before understanding the uses of vitamins in our body, let us understand, what are vitamins? Vitamins are essential micronutrients. Our body needs them in small quantities to perform a range of functions. These are derived from plants and animals. There are two types of vitamins in our food, water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins. Each vitamin has a different role in the body to keep the body healthy. Mostly, people get all the vitamins through their balanced diet, but some people may need to take extra supplements.
Examples of the uses of vitamins in our body
- Support cell function, normal growth, and development
- Help cells and organs to perform their functions
- Boost immune system
- Help blood clotting and wound healing
- Help reduce infections
- Keep nerves healthy
Use of Fat-soluble Vitamins in Our Body:
- A: Vitamin A is essential for vision, immune system health, healthy skin, bone, teeth, soft tissue, mucous membranes, etc.
- D: Vitamin D helps the absorption of calcium and phosphate in the body. As a result, it keeps the bones, teeth, and muscles healthy
- E: Vitamin E being an antioxidant, helps to protect the cells from damage caused by free radicals. It helps to regulate the platelet aggregation and protects the cell membrane
- K:Vitamin K is essential for blood clotting and healing wounds
Use of Water-soluble Vitamins in Our Body:
- B1: Vitamin B1 is important for energy metabolism, heart function, and healthy nerve cells
- B2: Vitamin B2 is important for normal vision, skin health, body growth, and the production of red blood cells
- B3: Vitamin B3 helps maintain healthy skin, nervous system, and metabolism of carbohydrates and proteins
- B5: Vitamin B5 is useful for energy metabolism, production of hormones, and cortisol
- B7: Vitamin B7 helps in the metabolism of proteins and carbohydrates as well as the cell to cell communication
- B9: Vitamin B9 helps in DNA replication, metabolism of amino acids, and cell division
- B12: Vitamin B12 aids in fat and protein metabolism, DNA synthesis, maintains the central nervous system, and is needed for making red blood cells
- C: Vitamin C is important for healthy teeth, gums, protein metabolism, immune system health, and iron absorption
Complete vitamins profile can be checked to measure the amounts of fat-soluble vitamins and water-soluble vitamins present in our body. We can detect the deficiency of vitamins or excess of vitamins present in our body to reduce health risk, increase immunity, and maintain overall health.